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Lamb stew

Lamb stew

Zucchini and red lentil fritters with lemony yogurt  Print Recipe

A new twist to an Indian-style fritters.
Serves: 4
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:20 minutes
Lemony Yogurt
• ¾ cup whole-milk Greek yogurt
• 2 Tbsp. fresh lemon juice
• 1/2 tsp. sugar
• Kosher salt
• 1 cup red lentils (masoor dal)
• 2 small zucchinis
• ½ medium onion, thinly sliced
• 1¾ tsp. kosher salt, divided, plus more
• ½ tsp. Kashmiri chile powder or ¼ tsp. cayenne pepper
• ¼ tsp. ground turmeric
• 1 cup parsley leaves with tender stems
• 1 Tbsp. finely grated lemon zest
• 1 cup vegetable oil
Lemony Yogurt
• Whisk yogurt, lemon juice, and sugar in a small bowl to combine. Season with salt and whisk again to combine.
• Yogurt can be made 1 day ahead. Cover and chill.
Fritters• Rinse lentils, then soak in 2 cups water at room temperature at least 1 hour and up to 12. Soaking the lentils for this long will make them super-plump and tender, which in turn makes them a lot easier to blend.
• Meanwhile, trim ends of zucchini and cut crosswise into 2-inch long pieces. And slice into ¼-inch thick matchsticks.
• Transfer zucchini to a colander set in a medium bowl. Add onion and 1 tsp. salt to colander and toss to combine.
• Let zucchini and onion sit until about 1 Tbsp. liquid has released and the vegetables look wilted and soft, 30 minutes to 1 hour). Gently pat dry with paper towels to remove any excess moisture. The less moisture in the veggies, the more crispy your fritters will be.
• Drain lentils and transfer to a food processor. Add chile powder, turmeric, and ¾ tsp. salt. Pulse, scraping down sides, until a coarse purée forms.
• Transfer to a medium bowl and add zucchini and onion mixture, parsley, and lemon zest. Toss well to combine.
• Heat oil in a 10-inch cast-iron skillet over medium-high.
• Working in batches, carefully drop 2 to 3 ( 1/4 cup-size batter) into the oil. then flatten to a pancake with the back of a large metal spoon dipped into the hot oil to prevent sticking.
• Fry fritter until deep golden brown on one side, about 3 minutes. Turn with a slotted spatula and fry until deep golden brown on the second side, about 3 minutes more.
• Transfer fritters to a wire rack set in a paper towel-lined baking sheet to drain. Season immediately with salt.
• Repeat with remaining batter (you should have 8–10 fritters).
• Transfer fritters to a platter. Serve hot with lemony yogurt alongside.

Cheese beignets  Print Recipe

may also be served as hors d'oeuvres.
Serves: 8
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:20 minutes
1 cup water 1/2 cup butter, cut into pieces
1 cup flour
4 large eggs
1 cup grated Swiss cheese
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground white pepper
1/8 teaspoon grated nutmeg
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
2 cups parsley sprigs, cleaned and dried
2 cups tomato basil sauce
oil for deep frying
In a medium saucepan, heat water and butter to a simmer. Add flour all at once and stir vigorously with a wooden spoon over low heat until mixture no longer sticks to pan and forms into a ball. Remove from heat.
Beat eggs in thoroughly, one by one until mixture is smooth. Mix in the cheese and seasonings.
Transfer cheese mixture to a mixing bowl.
Heat the oil in a deep fryer to 350 degrees. Carefully fry half of the dry parsley sprigs for about 10 to 12 seconds.
Transfer to a plate on a paper towel. Repeat with remaining parsley. Season with salt.
Spoon about 5 or 6 tablespoons of the cheese mixture into the oil. Do not crowd as they double in size and self rotate while cooking. Fry for 8 to 10 minutes until golden brown. Drain on absorbent paper.
Keep beignets in a warm oven while frying the remaining. Arrange the warm cheese beignets on a platter with the fried parsley.
Serve with hot tomato basil.
Note: If served as hors d'oeuvres, fry teaspoonfuls of the cheese mixture.

Asparagus with truffle broth   Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time: 10 minutes
Cooking time:8 minutes
1/4 cup chicken stock
1/4 cup peanut oil
2 1/2 ounces chopped black truffles
2 pounds asparagus, trimmed
1 tablespoon unsalted butter, melted
In a small bowl, whisk together stock, oil and truffles.
In a deep 10 -to 12-inch skillet bring 3 inches salted water to a boil and cook asparagus until crisp tender, 2 to 4 minutes. Drain asparagus. Pat dry. Transfer to a serving dish and toss with butter.
Spoon truffle broth over asparagus and season with salt and pepper. Serve asparagus warm or at room temperature.

Artichokes vinaigrette  Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:35 minutes
1 gallon water
1 cup red wine vinegar
1/4 cup salad oil
1/4 cup lemon juice
1 teaspoon Tabasco
1/4 teaspoon ground pepper
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon oregano
1 teaspoon garlic powder

6 whole artichokes

Vinaigrette: makes 1 cup

1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
4 tablespoons red wine vinegar
1 teaspoon granulated sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon ground black pepper
1/2 cup olive oil
2 tablespoons minced parsley and/or chopped fresh chives

Bring water to a boil and add all ingredients except artichokes. Wash and trim the artichoke stems to 1 inch. Remove stems.
Add to water with spices, and boil for 25 to 35 minutes or until bottoms are tender. Remove from pan and invert artichokes to drain thoroughly and cool. Using spoon, remove chokes and discard.

In a mixing bowl, whisk mustard, vinegar, sugar, salt and pepper. Slowly whisk in oil until mixture thickens. Adjust seasoning to taste.
Stir the herbs. Whisk again just before serving.

Smoked salmon mousse   Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time: 15 minutes
8 ounces smoked salmon
1/2 cup mayonnaise
3/4 cup aspic jelly *
1 tablespoon lemon juice
1/4 teaspoon ground white pepper
1/2 cup heavy cream
Remove bones and skin from the smoked salmon. Cut in pieces and mix in a food processor. Transfer to a mixing bowl and stir in the mayonnaise.
Run the mixture through a food mill. Mix in the cold liquid aspic jelly, lemon juice, wine and pepper.
Whip the cream until firm. Fold in the salmon mixture. Spoon the mousse into decorative molds.
Refrigerate until mousse is well set and firm. Unmold on serving dish or plate and surround with lettuce leaves.

* If aspic jelly is not available, substitute with 1 tablespoon of unflavored gelatin dissolved in 1/4 cup cold water. Set for 5 minutes. Melt over low heat, and use as directed for aspic jelly.

Cheese croquettes  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:10 minutes
4 ounces butter
1 cup flour
2 cups milk
1/2 cup heavy cream
2 cups grated Cheddar cheese
2 cups grated Swiss cheese
3 egg yolks
salt, nutmeg, onion powder to taste
1 cup flour
1 cup fresh bread crumbs
2 cups tomato sauce
2 cups fried parsley
In a medium saucepan, melt butter, stir in flour. Add milk and cream and whisk until sauce is thick and bubbly. Mix in the cheese. Blend well. Stir in egg yolks. Season to taste.
Spread mixture over a greased square dish to a thickness of 1 inch. Cool 1/2 hour.
Cut into 2-inch by 1-inch pieces. Dust in flour, dip in egg white, and roll in fresh bread crumbs.
Deep fry until brown. Serve with tomato sauce and fried parsley.

Smoked salmon with basil-dressed baby greens  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 15 minutes
for basil dressing:
1 1/2 cups fresh basil leaves, washed and drained
1/4 cup olive oil
1/4 cup water
1/3 cup white wine vinegar
3 cloves garlic, minced
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper

1 pound smoked salmon, thinly sliced
1 pound mixed baby greens, cleaned and spinned
French bread
For the basil dressing: In a blender, combine the basil, olive oil, water, white wine vinegar, garlic, salt and pepper. Puree until smooth. Transfer to a bowl. Cover a set aside.
Toss the clean salad with the dressing. Divide the salad between the cold plates, and arrange in the center of the plates. Roll slices of smoked salmon.
Divide between the plates and arrange on top of the lettuce. Serve with French bread.

Basic aioli-garlic sauce  Print Recipe

[ay-OH-lee, i-OH-lee] A light mayonnaise style sauce with fresh garlic. Used atop vegetables or fish. A wonderful accompaniment to simple crudités. The keys to success with aioli is to work very slowly and have all the ingredients at room temperature. The traditional tool used to make aioli is a large mortar and pestle. We recommend a pottery or granite mortar and pestle for this task.
Preparation time: 15 minutes
4 garlic cloves, peeled, chopped fine
2 egg yolks
1/8 teaspoon sea salt
1 cup virgin olive oil
1 teaspoon Dijon mustard
1/2 teaspoon cold water
1 teaspoon lemon juice
Add the garlic and salt to the mortar bowl and grind slowly with the pestle, moving in one direction only. You can do this first step in a food processor if you'd like, then transfer the mixture back to a medium sized bowl.
Whisk in the mustard first, then the egg yolks. At this point you can transfer the mixture back into the mortar or use the whisk in the bowl.
Add in half of the oil very slowly or the oil will not emulsify and the sauce will not thicken. Add the oil in a slow, fine stream while either whisking with a wire whisk.
Once the first half of the oil is incorporated, then add the water and the lemon juice, and mustard, whisking constantly. Then slowly add the rest of the oil. The mixture will thicken as you continue to blend it.
The mixture should be slightly thinner than commercial mayonnaise. If it becomes too thick you can add a bit more warm water, one teaspoon at a time.

Sauce Variations
Rosemary - Add two teaspoons of minced fresh rosemary
Chipotle - Add one tablespoon of minced canned chipotles in adobo sauce.
Saffron - Add a large pinch of Saffron threads and a tablespoon of honey.

Mussel and scallop soup   Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:20 minutes
2 pounds mussels
2 cups white wine
1 teaspoon shallots, chopped
1 teaspoon saffron
1 tablespoon chopped parsley
2 cups chicken broth
2 teaspoons butter
2 teaspoons flour
1 cup cream
salt and white pepper to taste

8 ounces scallops
1 ounce butter
1 teaspoon lemon juice
Scrub mussels under cold running water. Heat wine in a large pot. Add mussels. Cover pot and steam for about 5 minutes, or until mussels are opened.
Strain cooking liquid through cheese cloth. Save. Remove mussels from shells. Reserve for garnish.
In a medium saucepan, add mussel broth, shallots, onion, saffron, parsley and chicken broth. Simmer for 10 minutes. Combine butter and flour to a paste.
Whip in the cooking liquid to thicken. Add cream and seasoning. Add mussels.
Saute scallops in butter and lemon juice until transparent. Dice the scallops and cooking liquid to soup together with mussels.
Heat soup and serve hot.

Chicken fricassée  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time: 25 minutes
Cooking time:40 minutes
1 3-pound whole chicken
3 tablespoons vegetable oil
1/2 cup flour
to taste salt and white pepper
1 cup dry white wine
1/2 cup sliced onion
1 medium sliced green pepper
1 medium sliced carrot
1/2 stalk sliced celery
1 clove minced garlic
1 cup chopped tomatoes
Cut the chicken into eight pieces.
Heat the oil in a large skillet over medium high heat. Combine the flour, salt, and pepper.
Roll the chicken pieces in the flour mixture. Place in the skillet, skin side down. Brown both sides until golden brown. Transfer the chicken to a warm platter. Discard the fat from the skillet. Turn the heat to high. Add the wine. Reduce by half.
Add the sliced onion, green pepper, carrot, celery, garlic, and chopped tomatoes. Simmer and cover for 10 minutes.
Add the chicken, and continue cooking until meat is tender, about 20 minutes.
Transfer the chicken to a warm serving platter. Reduce the sauce to a medium thick consistency. Pour the sauce over chicken and serve.

Curried lamb  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:2 hours
2 tablespoons olive oil
4 pounds lamb shoulder, cut into 2 inch pieces
2 medium onions
1 tablespoon tomato paste
2 tablespoons flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper
1 heaping tablespoon good curry powder
chicken stock
1 cup Granny Smith apples, peeled and diced
1 banana
1 clove garlic, peeled
1 sprig thyme
1 bay leaf
1/2 cup raisins
1 Granny Smith apple
Serve with rice and chutney
Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
In oven-proof skillet, heat up oil to a smoking point. Brown the lamb pieces.
Peel and chop onions finely. Mix with he lamb and brown lightly. Add tomato paste, salt, pepper, flour and curry.
Blend well with the lamb and cook over medium heat for 2 to 3 minutes.
Cover the meat with chicken stock. Stir well until sauce thickens. Add the chopped garlic clove, diced apples and sliced banana. Bring to a boil. Add thyme and bay leaf.
Cover pot and place in oven for about 1 hour 30 minutes or until meat is tender.
Transfer the pieces of lamb to a clean pot. Strain the sauce over the meat, pressing with a ladle to extract all the sauce.
Peel, core and dice the apple. Combine with the raisins and blend into the curried lamb.
Simmer over low heat for 15 minutes.
Transfer to a serving dish. Serve with rice and chutney.

Lamb stew  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:1 hour 30 minutes
4 pounds lamb shoulder, cut into 2 inch pieces
3 tablespoons olive oil
1 large onion, finely chopped
4 cloves garlic, crushed and chopped
3 tablespoons tomato paste
3 tablespoons flour
salt and black ground pepper to taste
1 bouquet garni
1 tablespoon chopped parsley

1 pound carrots, peeled
1 pound white turnips, peeled
8 ounces green peas
8 ounces green beans, trimmed
8 ounces pearl onions, peeled
1 1/2 pounds potatoes, peeled

Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
In oven-proof skillet, heat up oil to a smoking point. Brown the lamb pieces. Add onions. Mix with he lamb and brown lightly. Sprinkle the meat with the flour and mix well. Place in the oven for 5 minutes to brown the flour.
Take out of the oven, cover the meat with water. Add tomato paste, garlic, bouquet garni, salt and pepper.
Cover pot, and cook the stew in the oven for 30 minutes.
Evenly shape the carrots, turnips, and potatoes into small footballs. Cut the beans into 1 inch pieces.
Add potatoes and all vegetables to stew. Continue baking until meat and vegetables are tender.
Transfer stew to a serving dish. Sprinkle with parsley and serve hot.

Chicken pot au feu with carrots potatoes and leeks  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:1 hour
2 teaspoons olive oil
1 chicken, about 3 pounds, cut into serving pieces
6 cups chicken broth, homemade or low-sodium canned
1 teaspoon coriander seeds, crushed
2 cloves garlic, peeled and thinly sliced
1 medium-size onion, peeled and quartered
4 small carrots, peeled and cut into 2 inch lengths
8 small new potatoes, halved
4 leeks, white and light green parts only, washed and cut into 2 inch pieces
1 teaspoon salt, plus more to taste
freshly ground pepper to taste
2 teaspoons chopped Italian parsley

1. Heat the olive oil in a large wide pot over medium-high heat. Add the chicken and sear until browned, about 4 minutes per side. Remove from the pot and set aside.
Place the chicken broth, coriander seeds and garlic in the pot and bring to the boil. Add the chicken, lower the heat, partially cover and simmer for 20 minutes.

2. Add the onion, carrots, potatoes, leeks and 1 teaspoon of salt, partially cover and simmer until the chicken and vegetables are tender, about 30 minutes. Season with additional salt and pepper if needed.
Divide the chicken and vegetables among four large bowls, ladle the broth over them

Braised beef short ribs  Print Recipe

Serve with Garlic Mashed Potatoes and Pan-Roasted Root Vegetables. " From The Balthazar Cookbook by Keith McNally, Riad Nasr and Lee Hanson.
Serves: 6
Preparation time:30 minutes
Cooking time:3 hours
6 short rib of beef (5 to 7 pounds)
2 sprigs rosemary
6 sprigs thyme
1 bay leaf
1 stalk celery, halved
3 teaspoons salt
2 teaspoons fresh coarse ground black pepper
3 tablespoons vegetable oil
3 medium carrots, peeled and cut into 1-inch pieces
1 medium onion, roughly chopped
4 shallots, peeled and sliced 1/4 inch thick
5 garlic cloves, peeled and halved
3 tablespoons tomato paste
3 tablespoons all-purpose flour
1⁄2 cup ruby port
4 cups full-bodied wine, such as cabernet sauvignon
6 cups veal stock (veal stock is really best but you can substitute good homemade beef stock)
Preheat the oven to 325°F
Bind each rib with cotton kitchen twine. Place the rosemary, thyme, and bay leaf between the two celery halves and bind with kitchen twine.
Season the short ribs with 2 teaspoons of the salt and the pepper.
Heat the oil in a large Dutch oven over a high flame until it smokes.
In two batches, brown the short ribs well on both sides, about 3 minutes per side, pouring off all but 3 tablespoons of oil between batches.
Remove the ribs and set aside when done.
Lower the flame to medium, and add the carrots, onion, shallots, and garlic to the pot and saute for 5 minutes, until the onion is soft and light brown.
Stir in the tomato paste and cook for 2 minutes.
Add the flour and stir well to combine. Add the port, red wine, and the celery-herb bundle.
Raise the flame to high and cook until the liquid is reduced by a third, about 20 minutes.
Return the ribs to the pot (they will stack into two layers).
Add the stock and the remaining 1 teaspoon of salt; if the stock doesn’t cover the ribs by at least 1 inch, add water up to that level.
Bring to a gentle simmer, cover, transfer to the preheated oven, and cook for 3 hours. Visit the pot occasionally and stir the ribs, bringing the ones on the bottom up to the top -- they’re done when the meat is fork tender and falling off the bone.
Transfer the ribs to a large platter and remove the strings.
Skim any fat from the surface of the sauce, and then strain through a sieve into a medium saucepan.
Discard the solids.
Over medium heat, bring the sauce to a strong simmer and reduce the liquid until slightly less then half (4 cups) remains, about 1 hour.
Return the ribs to the pot, simmer for 10 minutes to reheat, and serve.

Steaks au poivre  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:15 minutes
4 6-ounce sirloin steaks, trimmed
1 tablespoon olive oil
1 teaspoon soy sauce
1 teaspoon dry basil
1/4 cup dry red wine
2 teaspoons coarse black pepper
1 tablespoon canola oil
1/3 cup Cognac
1/2 cup brown sauce
1/2 cup heavy cream
1 tablespoon chopped parsley
Arrange steaks in a shallow dish. Combine oil, soy sauce, basil and red wine. Pour over steaks and marinate for an hour. Sprinkle pepper over both sides of steaks.
Press peppers to adhere meat.
Heat canola oil in a cast iron frying pan over high heat. Brown steaks on both sides to the desired doneness.
Pour Cognac over steaks. Ignite.
Transfer steaks to a serving platter. Add marinade liquid, brown sauce and cream to pan.
Reduce sauce to medium thickness. Season to taste and pour sauce over steaks. Sprinkle with parsley. Serve with potatoes and vegetables.

Fillets of salmon in potato crust  Print Recipe

The salmon fillets are wrapped in paper thin scale-like potato slices. A rich red wine sauce transforms this dish into a unique creation.
Serves: 4
Preparation time:40 minutes
Cooking time:15 minutes
For the salmon in potato crust:
4 7-ounce salmon fillets, boned and skinned
to taste, salt, freshly ground black pepper
1 teaspoon chopped thyme
2 extra large baking potatoes, peeled
2 tablespoons unsalted butter
2 tablespoons vegetable oil

1 cup red wine sauce
4 small fresh thyme
1 tablespoon fresh chives, minced
Make each fillet as rectangle as possible (about 5 inches by 2 inches) by trimming off uneven edges with a sharp knife. Season the fillets with salt and pepper, and sprinkle them with thyme.
Cut the potatoes lengthwise into paper thin, long slices with a vegetable slicer on or a mandoline. Do not rinse the potato slices as the starch will help the wrapped slices stick together.
Place the potato slices on the working surface, overlapping the slices until they can be wrapped all around the fish. Season the slices of potato with salt.
Center the salmon fillet in the middle of the potato wrap and fold the edges of the potatoes over the salmon to enclose it entirely.
Since the potato slices are not washed, the starch discolors the potato rapidly. To avoid any discoloration, cook the wrapped salmon fillets immediately.
To cook the wrapped salmon fillet, melt the butter and oil in a nonstick frying pan over high heat. Add the fillet, with the potato seam side down, and sautè until golden brown, about 3 to 5 minutes on each side.
While the first fillet is cooking proceed with more potato slices and wrap another fillet. Cook as soon as it is made. Continue with the remaining salmon fillets.
Transfer the wrapped salmon on a baking sheet. Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Just before serving place the potato wrapped salmon in the oven for 5 minutes. Heat the red wine sauce. PRESENTATION
Place the wrapped fillets of salmon in the middle of 4 warm plates, and ladle the sauce around. Garnish with the thyme sprigs. Sprinkle the plates with minced chives.

Pan-seared cod fillets in white wine and tamato basil sauce  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time:15 minutes
Cooking time:20 minutes
For the White Wine Tomato Basil Sauce:
• 2 tablespoons olive oil
• 1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes
• 3 large cloves garlic, finely minced
• 1 cup Marinara sauce or tomato sauce
• 1 cup diced peeled tomatoes
• 1/4 cup dry white wine
• 1/2 cup fresh basil, finely chopped
• 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
• 1/2 teaspoon fresh lemon zest
• salt to taste
• 1 teaspoon granulated sugar
• 1/4 teaspoon fresh ground black pepper
• For the Cod:
• 2 tablespoons olive oil
• 4 - 6 ounce fillets fresh cod
• Salt and pepper
For the White Wine Tomato Basil Sauce:
1. Heat oil in a large saute pan over medium heat. Add crushed red pepper flakes and garlic and saute for 1 minute, or until garlic is fragrant. Add the tomato sauce, diced peeled tomatoes and the white wine. Cook 9 to 12 minutes, stirring over low heat. Stir in the basil, lemon juice, lemon zest, salt, sugar, and pepper and cook for 2 minutes. Transfer the sauce into a bowl and set aside until needed.
For the Cod:
1. Heat oil in a large saute pan over medium heat. Pat the cod dry with paper towels. Then season both sides of cod with salt and pepper.
2. Place cod in the oil and cook until golden brown, about 3 minutes. Carefully flip the cod over and continue cooking for another 3 to 4 minutes, OR until it's cooked through.
3. Pour the white wine tomato basil sauce over the cod, let the sauce warm up for a minute, then remove from heat and and serve at once.

Daniel boulud short ribs braised in red wine with celery duo  Print Recipe

Chef Boulud says that the success of this dish rests on browning the short ribs well at the beginning of cooking the dish to get the best flavors into the sauce. The Celery Duo starts with a celery root puree and ends with the braised ribs that top the beef. This recipe also can be found in the Café Boulud Cookbook, by Daniel Boulud and Dorie Greenspan.
Serves: 8
Preparation time:20 minutes
Cooking time:2 hours 30 minutes
3 bottles dry red wine
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
8 short ribs, trimmed of excess fat
Salt and crushed black peppercorns
Flour, for dredging
8 large shallots, peeled, trimmed, split, rinsed and dried
2 medium-sized carrots, peeled, trimmed and cut into 1-inch lengths
2 ribs of celery, peeled, trimmed and cut into 1-inch lengths
1 medium-sized leek (white and light-green parts), coarsely chopped, washed and dried
10 cloves of garlic, peeled
6 sprigs flat-leaf parsley
2 bay leaves and 2 thyme sprigs
2 tablespoons tomato paste
3 quarts unsalted beef broth
Freshly ground white pepper
Celery Duo , for serving
1. Pour the wine into a large saucepan set over medium heat. When the wine is hot, carefully set it aflame. Let the flames die out, then increase the heat so that the wine boils; allow it to boil until it cooks down by half. Remove from the heat.
2. Center a rack in the oven and preheat to 350°F.
3. Warm the oil in a large, heavy, ovenproof pot over medium-high heat. Season the ribs all over with salt and the crushed pepper. Dust half of the ribs with about 1 tablespoon flour. Then, when the oil is hot, slip the ribs into the pot and sear 4 to 5 minutes on each side, until well-browned. Transfer the ribs to a plate. Repeat with remaining ribs. Remove all but 1 tablespoon of the fat from the pot, lower the heat under the pot to medium and toss in the vegetables and herbs. Brown the vegetables lightly, 5 to 7 minutes, then stir in the tomato paste and cook for 1 minute.
4. Add the wine, ribs and broth to the pot. Bring to a boil, cover tightly and place in the oven to braise for 2 1/2 hours or until the ribs are very tender. Every 30 minutes, skim and discard fat from the surface. (It's best to make the recipe to this point, cool and chill the ribs and broth in the pan overnight; scrape off the fat the next day. Rewarm before continuing.)
5. Carefully transfer the meat to a platter; keep warm. Boil the pan liquid until it has reduced to 1 quart. Season with salt and white pepper and pass through a fine strainer; discard the solids. (The ribs and sauce can be combined and kept covered in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 days. Reheat gently, basting frequently, on top of the stove or in a 350°F oven.)
6. To serve, spoon the celery root puree into the center of 8 plates and top each with a short rib. Cross 2 pieces of braised celery over each serving. Pour the sauce onto the plate around the puree.

Turkey croquettes  Print Recipe

Serves: 12
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:15 minutes
2 cups bread crumbs
1 large egg
2 tablespoons water
2 cups mashed potatoes
2 cups stuffing
2 cups chopped cooked turkey
4 to 6 tablespoons olive oil, as needed
To serve:
Cranberry sauce
Warm turkey gravy
In a small sauté pan over moderate heat, toast the bread crumbs until golden and crunchy, 3 to 4 minutes. Transfer to a small bowl and let cool.

In a small bowl, beat together the egg and water.

In a large bowl, combine the mashed potatoes, stuffing, and turkey. Using your hands or a spoon, shape the mixture into 2-inch-long, oblong-shaped croquettes (you should have about 24 croquettes) and transfer to a large rimmed baking sheet.

Working with 1 croquette at a time, dredge them in the egg-water mixture, letting the excess drip off, then dredge them in the bread crumbs, and return them to the rimmed baking sheet.

In a large skillet, over moderately high heat, warm 2 tablespoons of the oil. Working in batches, pan-fry the croquettes, turning them occasionally, until crispy on all sides, 5 to 6 minutes total. Repeat with the remaining croquettes, wiping the pan clean and adding 2 tablespoons of the oil to the pan between batches. DO AHEAD: The croquettes can be prepared ahead and frozen, well wrapped in foil, for up to 3 months. To reheat: Bake the frozen croquettes on a large baking sheet in a 475°F oven until golden brown, about 10 minutes. Remove the croquettes from the oven for about 5 minutes to let the interiors thaw, then return them to the oven to finish baking for another 2 minutes.

Serve hot with cranberry sauce and/or warm gravy.

Buckwheat pancake - galette de sarrasin  Print Recipe

A buckwheat pancake is a pancake made with buckwheat flour.
The types of buckwheat pancake associated with specific regions include:
• Blini, Eastern Europe, with a buckwheat variety particularly popular in Russia, Ukraine (hrechanyky or гречаники), and Lithuania (grikių blynai)
• Crêpe bretonne, a savory pancake known as bleud ed-du from Brittany in France
• Kaletez (galette de sarrasin), a buckwheat pancake in Breton cuisine
• Memil-buchimgae, a variety of Korean pancake with buckwheat flour and cabbage
• Ploye, a Canadian pancake, particularly popular in New Brunswick

Serves: 6
Preparation time:2 hours
Cooking time:40 minutes
330 g (2.5 cups) buckwheat flour
75 cl (3 cups) of water
10 g (1.5 tsp) of sea salt
1 egg

Preparation of the pancake dough:

Arrange the buckwheat flour in a well, in a salad bowl, with the.
Pour in water as you go and mix vigorously with a wooden spoon. You will thus obtain a fluid and thick paste.
Add the egg which will bring a nice color to your dough during cooking and mix well.
Let the dough rest for about 2 hours in the fridge, covering it with a cloth or cling film.

Cooking the pancakes:

Put butter in your pan or lard on your bilig (crepe maker) and put it on low / medium heat.
If you are making your pancakes in a pan , use a large 12-inch cast iron or a non-stick pan. Once the butter has melted, pour
in a ladle of the dough, then quickly tilt the pan to spread the dough over the entire surface.
Bake both sides for about 1 to 2 minutes each.
To flip the patty, use a spatula to carefully peel off each edge of the patty and flip it fairly quickly.

Chef's tips:
If making sweet pancakes is child's play, sometimes making Breton Buckwheat pancakes can be a real headache and require a little practice before they are perfect (it breaks, it sticks, it crumbles) as this dough turns out to be quite difficult to work unlike sweet pancakes because the batter does not contain gluten which helps to give elasticity to the dough. Normally, the pancake batter is made with buckwheat flour, water, salt and it's all in the pure tradition. But there are sometimes different recipes and techniques to prepare your pancake batter and some ingredients can be added like egg.

Adding an egg (or more depending on the amount of flour) will prevent the batter from sticking (which does not exclude greasing the crêpe maker well) and giving it a slightly darker color.
Adding a little wheat flour which contains gluten will bring elasticity and will make your pancakes more flexible. However, the dough will need to rest for several hours. Some add 1/3 of wheat flour, others 1/5 or even a single tablespoon. Adding whole milk is a common technique in Finistère in particular: the pancakes obtained are more invigorating, softer and darker. However, the taste of buckwheat stands out a little less.
Grease the crepe maker. if you have a bilig (or crepe maker) it's honestly much better to spread out and work the dough and more recommended. Adjust the temperature to 240-250 °, to grease the surface well with lard (or lard mixed with an egg yolk) before placing each ladle of dough. But if you don't have one, a cast iron pan or non-stick pan will be even more appreciated and it will have to be greased very well. Pour a ladle of dough, wait for the pancake to color to peel it off using a spatula and turn it over. Let it cook for about 1 minute more.
For a complete galette, generously butter both sides of the galette and place ham and grated Emmental in the center of one of the two, then break an egg in the center of the galette.
Once it begins to cook, season with salt and pepper and fold the edges of the galette so that only the yolk appears.
It's ready once the egg is cooked enough.

* Cooking is also very important in the success of your pancakes: if you have a bilig (or crepe maker) it's honestly much better to spread out and work the dough and more recommended. Adjust the temperature to 240-250 °, to grease the surface well with lard (or lard mixed with an egg yolk) before placing each ladle of dough. But if you don't have one, a cast iron pan or non-stick pan will be even more appreciated and it will have to be greased very well.

Chicken sauté vinaigre  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:30 minutes
2 tablespoons butter
1 sprig fresh thyme
1 bay leaf
1 3-pound chicken
salt and black pepper to taste
4 garlic cloves
1/2 cup red wine vinegar
1/2 cup chicken stock
2 teaspoons tomato paste
1/4 cup chopped parsley
Cut chicken into 8 pieces. Melt 1/2 of the butter in a heavy bottom skillet. Add thyme, bay leaf and the chicken cut up in pieces, skin side down. Season with salt, pepper and garlic.
Sauté the chicken turning the pieces often, for about 10 minutes. Pour off the fat. Add the vinegar stirring to dissolve the particles adhering to the bottom of the skillet.
Add the stock, tomato paste. Boil and simmer for 10 minutes. Add the remaining butter and parsley. Stir to coat chicken pieces. Serve hot.

Caramelized spring onion and gruyère tart  Print Recipe

Serve with a simple tossed salad or grilled asparagus.
Serves: 6
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:1 hour
1 pound frozen butter puff pastry, thawed
1 tsp (5 mL) olive oil
450 g spring bulb onions, trimmed and sliced
2 tbsp (30 mL) balsamic vinegar
2 tsp (10 mL) liquid honey
1/4 tsp (1 mL) each salt and pepper
1 tsp (5 mL) chopped fresh thyme
1 egg, beaten
2 tbsp (30 mL) whipping cream 35%
1 tbsp (15 mL) Dijon mustard
1-1/4 cups (300 mL) shredded Gruyère or Comté cheese

Unroll puff pastry; press into fluted 9-inch (23 cm) tart pan with removable bottom. Line with foil; fill with pie weights or dried beans. Bake on bottom rack in 400 F (200 C) oven for 20 minutes. Remove weights and foil; let cool in pan on rack.

Meanwhile, in skillet, heat oil over medium-high heat; cook onions, stirring, until golden, about 3 minutes. Add 1/4 cup water; reduce heat to medium. Cover and cook, stirring occasionally, until no liquid remains and onions are soft, about 5 to 8 minutes.

Stir in vinegar, honey and half each of the salt and pepper; cook, stirring, until onions are dark golden, about 8 minutes. Remove from heat; stir in 3/4 tsp of the thyme. Set aside.

Stir together egg, cream, mustard, and remaining salt and pepper. Sprinkle bottom of pastry with half of the Gruyère or Comté cheese; top with onion mixture. Pour egg mixture over top; sprinkle with remaining cheese and thyme.

Bake in 400 F (200 C) oven until crust is golden and knife inserted in centre comes out clean, about 25 minutes. Let stand for 10 minutes before cutting into wedges.

Side Dish
Leeks au gratin  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 15 minutes
Cooking time:45 minutes
16 small leeks, white and light green parts only washed well
1 teaspoon salt
ground pepper to taste
2 teaspoons unsalted butter, cut into pieces
1 cup heavy cream
Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Add the leeks and blanch until tender, about 15 minutes. Drain well.
Place leeks in a shallow baking dish large enough to hold them in a single layer. Season with salt and pepper and dot with butter.
Pour the cream over top. Bake for 25 minutes (can be made ahead up to this point and reheated.) Just before serving, preheat broiler and brown the leeks under the broiler. Serve.

Side Dish
Almondine potatoes  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:10 minutes
2 pounds potatoes
3 ounces butter, soft
3 egg yolks
salt and pepper to taste
1/4 teaspoon grated nutmeg

For breading:
3 eggs, beaten
2 tablespoonsoil
1/2 cup flour
1 cup fresh breadcrumbs
1 cup sliced almonds
oil for frying
Peel and cut potatoes into large cubes. Place in a large saucepan, boil in salted boiling water until tender. Drain well, and put through a ricer.
In a large saucepan, combine potatoes with butter, egg yolks, salt, pepper, and nutmeg. Using a wooden spoon, mix well over medium heat until mixture thickens.
Spread mixture onto a greased baking sheet. Cover with plastic wrap, and refrigerate until cold.
Shape duchess potato into small logs, (1 inch round by 3 inches long).
Dip in beaten egg mixed with oil. Coat in flour, and roll in breadcrumbs and sliced almonds combined. Deep Fry at 350 degrees until golden brown

Side Dish
Creamy mashed potatoes  Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time:15 minutes
Cooking time:20 minutes
2 pounds Yukon gold potatoes
1/2 cup heavy cream, light cream or milk
4 ounces unsalted butter, cut into pieces
1 teaspoon kosher salt
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
Peel the potatoes and cut into uniform 1/2-inch pieces. Place into a 4-quart saucepan and cover with cold water by at least 1-inch.
Cover, set over high heat and bring to a boil.
Once boiling, remove the lid, decrease the heat to maintain a simmer and cook until the potatoes can easily be crushed with a pair of tongs,
approximately 15 to 20 minutes. Drain in a colander.

Put the cream, butter, salt and pepper into the now empty 4-quart saucepan and place back over
the heat until the butter has melted.
Remove from the heat and set a food mill fitted with the smallest die, on top of the pot.
Add 1 cup of potatoes at a time to the mill. Once all of the potatoes have passed through the mill, stir to combine.
Taste and adjust the seasoning, if necessary. Serve immediately.

Side Dish
Celery root and fennel slaw with green apple and manchego  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time:20 minutes
Cooking time:5 minutes
1/3 cup raw pumpkin seeds (pepitas)
1/2 cup olive oil
Kosher salt, freshly ground pepper
3 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
1/4 cup rice wine vinegar
1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
2 teaspoons pure maple syrup
4 cups very thinly sliced fennel
1 1/2 cups matchsticks Granny Smith apple (from about 1/2 large)
1 1/2 cups matchsticks peeled celery root (from about 1/4 small) or celery
1 1/2 cups matchsticks peeled daikon (from about 1/2 medium)
3 ounces Manchego cheese, shaved, divided
Preheat oven to 350°F. Toss pumpkin seeds and 1 tsp. oil on a rimmed baking sheet; season with salt and pepper. Bake until golden brown and puffed, about 5 minutes; let cool. Finely chop 2 Tbsp. pumpkin seeds. 

Whisk chopped pumpkin seeds, lemon juice, mustard, maple syrup, vinegar and remaining oil in a medium bowl; season dressing with salt and pepper.

Combine fennel, Asian pear, celery root, Granny Smith apple, most of the Manchego, and remaining pumpkin seeds in a large bowl. Drizzle dressing over top and toss to combine; season with salt and pepper. Top with remaining Manchego.

Side Dish
Potato anna  Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:50 minutes
8 large baking potatoes
1/3 cup clarified butter
To taste salt and pepper
Preheat oven to 400 degrees.
Peel potatoes and trim to conical shapes. Slice into 1/8-inch thick slices, using a mandoline slicer.
Butter a non stick heavy round mold or a non stick frying pan with a metal handle, about 6 inches across and 2 inch deep.
Arrange potato slices in an even circular pattern. Season and brush with melted butter each layer of potatoes until mold is filled. Cover and bake until potatoes are cooked and well browned.
Unmold on a serving platter like a cake. Cut into 6 equal wedges.

Side Dish
Smoked salmon salad  Print Recipe

Serves: 4
Preparation time: 15 minutes
10 ounces baby spinach, cleaned, drained
8 ounces smoked salmon
8 slices Swiss cheese

For dressing:
1/2 cup olive oil
1/4 cup wine vinegar
1 teaspoon honey
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/8 teaspoon white pepper

Trim stalks from spinach and shred leaves finely. Place in a large bowl. Cut smoked salmon and cheese into matchstick strips.
Heat the dressing ingredients in a pot. Bring to boil. Pour hot dressing over spinach and toss well.
Divide spinach among cold salad plates. Top with salmon and cheese. Vary the amount of spinach and cheese if desired.

Side Dish
Potatoes dauphine  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:20 minutes
1 pound potatoes, peeled and washed
salt to taste
choux pastry, recipe below
1/4 teaspoon grated nutmeg
oil for frying

1 cup water
1/2 cup salted butter
1 cup flour
4 large eggs
Cut potatoes into large cubes. Boil in salted boiling water until tender. Drain and put through a ricer.
Combine potatoes and choux pastry (See recipe below). Mix well. Season to taste with salt and nutmeg.
Preheat deep fryer to 350 degrees. Spoon the potato mixture into a pastry bag fitted with a plain 1-inch tip. While pressing the mixture out, cut into round balls with a small knife and carefully drop into the hot oil. Continue dropping balls into oil. Do not overload fryer.
After a few minutes, the potatoes will puff and float, and turn golden brown. Transfer to a tray lined with paper towels to absorb oil. Keep warm. Continue with potato mixture.

Heat water and butter in a saucepan, until butter melts and water comes to a boil. Remove from the heat and add flour all at once. Stir vigorously with a wooden spoon over low heat until mixture no longer sticks to pan and forms into a ball. Remove from heat.
Beat eggs in thoroughly, one by one. Beat mixture until smooth.

Side Dish
Gratin dauphinois  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 20 minutes
Cooking time:45 minutes
1 tablespoon butter
2 pounds potatoes
4 cloves minced garlic
3/4 cup milk
2 cups heavy cream
2 cups grated Swiss cheese (Gruyere or Emmenthal)
to taste salt and pepper
Preheat oven to 375 degrees.
Butter a baking dish about 6 by 10 inches. Peel potatoes and cut into 1/4-inch slices.
Blanch potatoes in salted boiling water for 5 minutes. Drain well.
In a large mixing bowl, combine potatoes, garlic, milk, cream and half of the grated cheese, salt and pepper to taste.
Spoon into prepared dish. It should be no more than 3/4 full. Sprinkle evenly with cheese. Bake for about 45 minutes, or until potatoes are tender and gratin is golden brown.

The chocolate cake  Print Recipe

Makes 1 12-inch cake or 2 9-inch cake. To make 2 8-inch cakes, use half of the recipe Fill the cake layers with Chocolate mousse filling and glaze top with Ganache
Serves: 12
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:40 minutes
1 cup unsweetened cocoa
2 cups boiling water
1 cup butter, softened
2 1/2 cups sugar
4 eggs
2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 teaspoons baking soda
1/2 teaspoon baking powder

Preheat oven at 350 degrees.
Mix cocoa in boiling water. Cool. Sift dry ingredients.
Beat soft butter with sugar. Add eggs one at the time. Add cocoa mix and flour mix to butter mixture.
Blend at low speed while alternating cocoa and flour. Mix until batter is smooth, scraping edges and bottom of bowl with a spatula.
Line the bottom of one 12-inch cake pan or 2 9-inch pans with parchment.
Grease and flour. Pour batter in mold. Bake 30 to 40 minutes until center is cooked. Cool 10 minutes. Unmold on a rack. Cut in layers.
Fill with the chocolate mousse filling recipe.

Lemon sorbet  Print Recipe

Serves: 8
Preparation time: 1 hour
Cooking time:5 minutes
1 cup water
1 cup sugar
3/4 cup lemon juice
5 tablespoons lemon zest
In a medium saucepan, Heat the water and sugar until dissolved. Bring to a boil, simmer 2 minutes and leave to cool. Add the lemon juice and lemon zest to the sugar syrup. Chill the mixture.
Freeze the mixture in an ice cream machine, according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Apple crêpes  Print Recipe

Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:30 minutes
For crêpes:
1 cup flour
1/4 cup vegetable oil
2 eggs
2 egg yolks
1 1/2 cups milk
1/4 cup unsalted butter
1 teaspoon vanilla or rum extract

For apple mixture:
6 large baking apples
1 tablespoon butter
2 tablespoons brown sugar
1/4 cup Calvados or apple brandy
1 teaspoon cinnamon
Crêpe batter:
In a medium bowl, combine flour, oil, eggs, egg yolks,
and 1/2 cup milk, beating until blended and smooth.
Add remaining milk, whisking until batter is smooth.
Strain batter into a clean bowl. Refrigerate, covered, for 2 hours or longer.
Melt the butter over low heat, and mix into the crêpe batter.
Flavor with vanilla or rum extract.

Apple mixture:
Peel apples. Core and slice thinly. Melt butter in a non-stick frying pan.
Add apple slices. Sauté for 2 minutes over high heat.
Add brown sugar and Calvados or apple brandy.
Sprinkle cinnamon over cooked apples. Transfer to a bowl.

Make apple crêpes:
Heat a 7-inch non-stick skillet until a drop of water sizzles and rolls off.
Pour in 2 tablespoons of batter, rotating pan to cover bottom of skillet evenly.
Spoon 2 large tablespoons of prepared apple mixture over crêpe,
spreading evenly over surface of crêpe.
Pour enough batter to cover apples. Cook for a minute.
Flip the pancake. Use a spatula if necessary. Cook till brown.
Transfer apple crêpe to a greased baking tray.
Continue cooking remaining crêpes.
Can be prepared 2 hours ahead.
Preheat oven to 400 degrees.
Finish baking crêpes until apples are soft, 10 to 12 minutes.
Place a crêpe on each plate.
Top with vanilla ice cream and sprinkle with cinnamon.
Serve at once.
Note: as an alternative, use half apples, half pears.

Salted butter caramel  Print Recipe

Variations: For a chocolate caramel cream, add a few squares of chocolate
Serves: 8
Preparation time:5 mintes
Cooking time:12 minutes
120 g (4 oz) caster sugar (super fine sugar)
60 g (1/2 stick) semi-salted butter
20 cl (7 oz ) of liquid cream, whole (35%)
1. Heat the sugar alone in a stainless-steel saucepan over medium heat. Cook without stirring until it melts and caramelizes.
2. Gradually add the butter then the cream, mixing vigorously with a whisk to avoid lumps.
3. When the preparation is homogeneous, continue cooking for 5 minutes and remove from the heat. The caramel is still liquid but it will harden as it cools.
4. Pour into a small jam jar and let cool. Store in the refrigerator.

Variations: For a chocolate caramel cream, add a few squares of chocolate.

Frozen individual strawberry soufflés  Print Recipe

These soufflés keep well and can be prepared a day or two in advance. You will need six 6-ounce individual soufflé molds, 3 1/2 inches in diameter and 1 1/2 inches deep.
Serves: 6
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:15 minutes
1 pint fresh strawberries or 1 10-oz package quick-frozen whole strawberries
1/2 cup egg whites, at room temperature
1/4 teaspoon cream of tartar
1 cup sugar
1/3 cup water
1 cup whipping cream
2 tablespoons unsweetend cocoa powder
Prepare the soufflé dishes:
Cut parchment or wax paper into 6 strips, each 3 inches wide by 12 inches long. Wrap a strip around the outside of each soufflé mold and secure with transparent tape or a rubber band to form a raised collar extending about 1 1/2 inches above the edge of the mold. Place the molds in the refrigerator.
Wash, hull, and slice the strawberries if fresh, or defrost the package of quick- frozen strawberries in hot water or in a microwave oven.
Process to a puree in a blender. Strain the puree through a fine sieve over a small bowl. Refrigerate.
Place the egg whites in a clean mixing bowl and add the cream of tartar. Stir the sugar and water in a clean grease-free saucepan. Place over high heat.
Begin immediately to beat the egg whites using preferably a standing electric mixer, slowly at first, then increasing the speed moderately. When the sugar syrup reaches the desired temperature of 234 to 238 degrees F (soft ball stage *), remove it from the heat. By then the egg whites are medium stiff. Increase the speed of the electric beater while pouring a steady stream of the syrup into the whites. Continue beating for 5 to 6 minutes.
Transfer the egg white mixture to a clean mixing bowl. Refrigerate. Wash the mixing bowl. Rinse under cold water, and dry. Pour the cold cream in the bowl. Whisk using the electric beater until whipped and thick. Fold half of the strawberry puree into the egg whites.
Fold the remaining strawberry puree into the whipped cream. Then fold the two mixtures together. Divide the soufflé mixture among the 6 chilled prepared soufflé molds.
Freeze for at least 3 hours or more. 20 minutes before serving, remove the soufflés from the freezer and place in the refrigerator. Just before serving, remove the paper collars and carefully sprinkle the cocoa powder through a fine sieve over the top of each soufflé. Serve immediately.

* The simplest way to tell when the syrup reaches 235 degrees F is with a candy thermometer. But if you do not have one, use the following method: Fill a small bowl with ice water. When the syrup begins to bubble, spoon a drop into the ice water. If you can gather it into a small ball, the syrup has reached the soft ball stage, and is ready.

White chocolate and raspberry tart  Print Recipe

This recipe was featured in Homemaker's Magazine and is from Toronto's Grano Restaurant in Canada
Serves: 10
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:30 minutes
2 cups flour
1/2 cup sugar
3/4 cup butter, cubed
1 tablespoon water
1 egg, beaten

1 pound good quality white chocolate, chopped
5 tablespoons butter
2/3 cup whipping cream
2 cups raspberries
Place flour, butter and sugar in food processor and pulse until fine crumbs form. Add egg and water. Pulse again until ball of dough forms.
Roll out dough and place in 11-inch flan pan. Chill for 15 to 20 minutes.
Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Cover dough with sheet of foil and weight with dried beans or pastry weights.
Bake for 20 minutes or until pastry is lightly browned.
Remove foil and beans and bake for 5 to 8 minutes longer.
Melt chocolate and butter in double boiler over hot (not boiling) water. Stir in cream; remove from heat and let cool slightly.
Arrange raspberries over bottom of pastry shell and cover with chocolate mixture.
Refrigerate for at least 4 hours before serving.

Strawberry napoleons with caramel sauce  Print Recipe

Serves: 6
Preparation time: 35 minutes
Cooking time:40 minutes
For pastry cream:
4 egg yolks
1/2 cup sugar
1/4 cup flour
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
2 cups boiling milk

For caramel syrup:
1 1/3 cups water
1 cup sugar
2 teaspoons brandy
For pastry:
1/2 pound puff pastry sheet, thawed
1 large egg
1 teaspoon milk
2 tablespoons sugar
2 1-pint baskets strawberries, washed, hulled, sliced
Pastry cream:
Whisk yolks, sugar and flour, and vanilla in bowl. Add boiling milk while whisking continuously. Return to saucepan, and whisk over medium heat until thick and bubbly.
Transfer pastry cream to bowl, cover with plastic wrap directly onto surface of pastry. Chill. (can be made 2 days ahead.)
In a medium heavy saucepan, stir cup water and sugar. Heat over high heat until caramel forms, occasionally swirling the pan. Meanwhile, bring remaining 1 cup water to boil in a small saucepan. Remove caramel from heat. Mix in boiling water. Stir to dissolve caramel. Cool syrup.
Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Roll out puff pastry sheet on floured surface. Cut out nine 4-inch rounds. Arrange on a baking sheet. Pierce pastries several times with tines of fork. Chill 15 minutes.
Beat egg and milk to blend. Brush 6 pastries with egg wash; sprinkle with sugar. Bake pastries until puffed and golden. Transfer to rack and cool.
Cut each pastry in half horizontally. Reserve 6 sugar-coated tops.
Place 1 plain pastry round on each of six plates. Spread a tablespoon of pastry cream over. Top with sliced berries. Cover with second pastry. Repeat layering of pastry cream and berries. Top with reserved sugar-coated pastries.
Spoon caramel syrup around base of each napoleon.

Champagne sorbet  Print Recipe

Serves: 10
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Cooking time:10 minutes
1 quart water
1 pound sugar
2 ounces lemon juice

For meringue:
4 ounces sugar
1/4 cup water
4 egg whites
6 ounces champagne
In a medium saucepan, combine the water, sugar, and lemon juice. Bring to boil. Cool in a mixing bowl. Freeze in an ice cream maker. When almost set, spoon in the meringue, (see recipe below) and 3 ounces of Champagne, and continue churning in the ice cream maker until creamy and set.

Boil water and sugar to a temperature of 230 F to 240 F.
Beat egg whites in an electric mixing bowl until medium firm. Slowly, add the hot sugar while continuing to beat the whites, and beat until cool.
Serve in chilled champagne glasses. Pour remaining Champagne over sorbet.
conversion of liquids
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Tablespoons - tbsp
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Measures of non liquid ingredients

Non-liquid ingredients in volume converted
into weight using the table below.
For products not included, use a metric scale
Weight of specific 'ingredients in grams


1 cup

3/4 cup

2/3 cup

1/2 cup

1/3 cup

1/4 cup

2 tablespoons

All-purpose wheat flour 120 g 90 g 80 g 60 g 40 g 30 g 15 g
All-purpose sifted wheat flour 110 g 80 g 70 g 55 g 35 g 27 g 13 g
White sugar 200 g 150 g 130 g 100 g 65 g 50 g 25 g
Powdered sugar/Icing sugar 100 g 75 g 70 g 50 g 35 g 25 g 13 g
Brown sugar normally packed 180 g 135 g 120 g 90 g 60 g 45 g 23 g
Corn flour 160 g 120 g 100 g 80 g 50 g 40 g 20 g
Cornstarch 120 g 90 g 80 g 60 g 40 g 30 g 15 g
Rice (not-cooked) 190 g 140 g 125 g 95 g 65 g 48 g 24 g
Macaroni (uncooked) 140 g 100 g 90 g 70 g 45 g 35 g 17 g
Couscous (uncooked) 180 g 135 g 120 g 90 g 60 g 45 g 22 g
Quick oatmeal (uncooked) 90 g 65 g 60 g 45 g 30 g 22 g 11 g
Table salt 300 g 230 g 200 g 150 g 100 g 75 g 40 g
Butter / Margarine 240 g 180 g 160 g 120 g 80 g 60 g 30 g
Shortening 190 g 140 g 125 g 95 g 65 g 48 g 24 g
Fruits and légumes chopped 150 g 110 g 100 g 75 g 50 g 40 g 20 g
chopped walnuts 150 g 110 g 100 g 75 g 50 g 40 g 20 g
Nuts /ground almonds 120 g 90 g 80 g 60 g 40 g 30 g 15 g
Fresh bread crumbs (not packed) 60 g 45 g 40 g 30 g 20 g 15 g 8 g
Dry bread crumbs 150 g 110 g 100 g 75 g 50 g 40 g 20 g
Parmesan grated 90 g 65 g 60 g 45 g 30 g 22 g 11 g
Chocolate chips 150 g 110 g 100 g 75 g 50 g 38 g  19 g
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As the sun rises or sets in Reunion

"May every sunrise hold more promise, and every sunset hold more peace."

The {Page Turner} E-Cookbooks Library on a world cooking journey
38 Recipes

9 Appetizers

13 Main dishes

8 Side dishes

8 Desserts